(Washington, D.C.) “Not today” was the term used by the Pentagon’s 2nd highest ranking military officer to describe the thought process of potential enemies contemplating an attack on the U.S.
The idea, expressed by Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. John Hyten, represents the critical and well-known paradox fundamental to deterrence …. Develop massive amounts of weaponry, combat power and military superiority such that an enemy simply would not consider an attack. Weapons generated for the specific purpose or hope … of not having to be used but rather ensuring peace.
“We exist to defend this nation. We defend this nation by deterring conflict,” Hyten told an audience at the 2021 Space and Missile Defense Symposium, Huntsville, Ala.
Hyten said this in the context of a discussion about Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin’s recent announcement about “integrated deterrence,” a strategic concept intended to sustain peace by virtue of being able to leverage all dimensions of U.S. power in a coordinated fashion if needed.
Deterrence comes from all capabilities. Integrated Deterrence is not just our cyber, space or nuclear capabilities, but how we might apply them to create problems for an adversary so the adversary decides not to engage. That is the goal,” Hyten added. The idea is to ensure a situation wherein “an adversary looks at us, sees the power that we bring and says ‘not today,’” he said.
The concept of “integrated deterrence” therefore, includes not just missile defense, nuclear weapons or the emerging U.S. Space Force, but rather a need to be prepared for the widest possible range of contingencies across all domains.
Perhaps an enemy might think an advantage can be gained with a ballistic missile attack or some kind of conventional incursion short of using nuclear weapons? In this scenario, the U.S. might simply need to establish an ability to defend against or “shoot down” those kinds of weapons, leading an adversary to realize the futility in that kind of attack.
A large element of Austin’s emphasis on integrated deterrence also pertains to innovation, something Hyten also stressed in his remarks. Certainly prioritizing new technologies would help the U.S. prepare itself to respond to unanticipated new kinds of attacks or develop new defenses against them.
Earlier this year, Austin also cited “operations” as fundamental to a multifaceted deterrence strategy, suggesting perhaps that things like forward force presence or deterrence exercises such as bomber patrols might play a significant part alongside any need to develop new weapons.
“Integrated deterrence is about using the right mix of technology, operational concepts, and capabilities—all woven together in a networked way that is so credible, and flexible, and formidable that it will give any adversary pause,” Austin said according to a Pentagon transcript. As part of his comments, Hyten pointed to the service flags behind him for Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines, explaining that they all had “combat streamers” as a result of have been at war. He then lifted up the newly established U.S. Space Force banner and said his hope was that a warfare “banner” was never put on that flag.
“If deterrence fails, we have to be able to win decisively so there are no battle streamers on the Space Force flag… but if that does not happen, we have to be ready to fight,” Hyten said
With this goal in mind, the Pentagon has embarked upon a new strategic directive to better prepare and deliver weapons systems specifically tailored to prevail in massive major warfare against a major rival.
Joint Warfighting Concept
The directive, issued to the military services July 1st, calls upon weapons developers to not only pursue “speed” but also incorporate four key principles of joint warfare to enable each service to engineer technologies with a specific mind to how they may integrate and interoperate with the other services.
“Our Department of Defense has become bureaucratic and slow in terms of our ability to respond rapidly, and we have adversaries that move fast in this area. We cannot respond in years to problems that emerge in months,” Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. John Hyten told an audience at the 2021 Space and Missile Defense Symposium, Huntsville, Ala.
Hyten explained that historically, requirements were crafted almost entirely by the respective individual services and then brought before the Pentagon’s Joint Requirements Oversight Council for assessment and approval regarding capability gaps and other key performance elements of a given system.. While this process is of course extremely valuable and highly effective, Hyten says the Pentagon is now crafting a new “Joint Warfighting Concept” intended to specifically focus upon the needs and synergies of the Joint force.
“We are building a Joint Warfighting Concept focusing on the pacing threat which is China. There are certain capabilities that have never been specified to the Joint force,” Hyten said.
Hyten explained that the Pentagon’s joint staff is now moving intensely on a concept called “functional battles” to include joint fires, joint command and control, logistics and an information advantage.
“If we write down requirements of what we are supposed to do as a Joint Force, and give that to the services … they can talk to each other. If we get requirements right, we don’t have to ask again” Hyten explained.
The intent is clearly to prepare the force for major multi-domain warfare, reduce developmental redundancy and enable operational integration between the respective military services. Perhaps a certain missile can be built with new ranges in mind, given that targeting data can be networked beyond the horizon through aerial networking nodes? Perhaps aircraft can be engineered with a particular mind to the needs of advancing infantry moving to contact with an enemy on ground?
While some of this kind of multi-domain networking and joint integration is of course already underway, Hyten seeks a new “requirements” emphasis to envision and mature future weapons systems differently so as to deliberate address, anticipate and build in responses to the kinds of major cross-domain threats posed by major adversaries such as China.
Kris Osborn is the defense editor for the National Interest. Osborn previously served at the Pentagon as a Highly Qualified Expert with the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army—Acquisition, Logistics & Technology. Osborn has also worked as an anchor and on-air military specialist at national TV networks. He has appeared as a guest military expert on Fox News, MSNBC, The Military Channel, and The History Channel. He also has a Master's Degree in Comparative Literature from Columbia University.