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By Kris Osborn - President & Editor-In-Chief, Warrior Maven

The Army is moving quickly to fast track new mini-drones able to launch from helicopters to find enemy targets, operate under enemy fire and send instant target coordinates and key surveillance details to human decision makers.

Air Launched Effects

Referred to by the service as Air Launched Effects, the mini drones are intended to operate in a range of different capacities to include of course Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance as well as counter-drone intercept or even operating themselves as mini-drone explosive weapons in an attack mission.

The ALE program is broken up into distinct phases which rely upon cutting edge and upgradeable mission computing, sensors, kinetic and non-kinetic effectors and transport-layer networking technologies.

Last year, U.S Army awarded ten Air Launched Effects Projects totaling $29.75 million, a service report said. The ten projects are categorized into three Air Launched Effects lines of effort: air vehicle, mission systems, and payloads. 

Air Launched Effects

An Air Launched Effects (ALE) system is launched from a UH-60L Black Hawk, as capabilities testing commences during Project Convergence, at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona, September 15, 2020. The autonomous weapons system was designed to launch from in-flight aircraft at high tactical altitudes, to produce precise results without further physical U.S. Forces prescence. (U.S. Army photo by Spc. Javion Siders)

ALE Vendors

Awards for the ALE air vehicle were awarded to: 

  • Alliant Techsystems Operations
  • Raytheon Company 


Each of these vendors are developing options intended to meet or exceed the Army’s requirements for speed, weight, power and range, among other things.

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Raytheon is offering an adaptation of its well-known Coyote Block 3 mini-drone. Coyote Block 3, a newer variant of the now operational Coyote Blocks 1 & 2, can leverage a variety of payloads to include non-kinetic interceptor technology to destroy enemy drone swarms or disable approaching threats.


The Coyote UAS is a low-cost, expendable system with a broad spectrum of capabilities.

“We have a mature, low risk ALE solution. We leveraged our proven Coyote Block 3 for the ALE variant and we will do a ground launch with the same technology required to conduct low altitude air launches to demonstrate its connectivity to an air vehicle and communicate through an unmanned network,” Abel Ghanooni, senior director for Short Range Air Defense and Rapid Development Programs for Raytheon Missiles & Defense, told The National Interest in an interview.

Interestingly, Raytheon’s Block 3 was put on contract by the U.S. Navy earlier this year to launch from unmanned surface and undersea vessels on reconnaissance missions. 

In a demonstration in February of this year, Coyote Block 3 used non-kinetic technology to destroy an enemy swarm of 10 drones. Non-kinetic effectors could incorporate High Powered Microwave technology, EW systems or other kinds of jamming able to disable an approaching threat while minimizing collateral damage and avoiding an explosion. 

Coyote USA

The most capable in its class, the Coyote® unmanned aircraft system is small, expendable and tube-launched. It can be deployed from the ground, air or a ship. The Coyote UAS can be flown individually or netted together in swarms, and it is adaptable for a variety of missions including surveillance, electronic warfare and strike. The system will operate up to one hour and is designed for interchangeable payloads.

Along with providing the ALE air vehicle itself, Raytheon is also competing with a handful of industry bidders regarding potential “payloads” or sensor configurations for the ALE. Much of this, Ghanooni explained, relies upon upgradable and fast-evolving mission computing.

For the Army, Raytheon plans to deliver an air-launched mini-drone ALE intended to open up new mission possibilities. The emerging technology will be demonstrated in Oct. 2021 at Dugway Proving Grounds, Utah, as part of an overall developmental effort.

“ISR is one piece of that mission. The demo we are working on is to meet the air vehicle requirements and draw from our ability to be modular and integrate new upgrades. Our goal is to be able to go at long ranges with the ability to be expendable,” Ghanooni said.

-- Kris Osborn is the President of Warrior Maven and The Defense Editor of The National Interest --

Kris Osborn is the defense editor for the National Interest. Osborn previously served at the Pentagon as a Highly Qualified Expert with the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army—Acquisition, Logistics & Technology. Osborn has also worked as an anchor and on-air military specialist at national TV networks. He has appeared as a guest military expert on Fox News, MSNBC, The Military Channel, and The History Channel. He also has a Master's Degree in Comparative Literature from Columbia University.

Kris Osborn, Warrior Maven President

Kris Osborn, Warrior Maven President